[文摘] 世界重回封建時代?-從 Uber 談起


馬克思,該從墳裡爬出來了,你也睡太久了。

林德貝克的贈言 Patrimoine de Lindbeck

Do you really think UBER a good thing that healthy for our economy? For while I believed so, until insights from economic realists such as this article revealed to me the opposite!

摘譯這期《國家》周刊封面故事,未來式的講了一個尚未被廣泛認知的圖像:名為「共享經濟」的科技創業,如UBER、AirBnB、TaskRabbit、Mechanical Turk 等,過去總讓我們以為是「充分利用閒置社會資源的好東西」,我們因此願意透過 app network 及 gps 跟人共乘、代購、提供空房。

實際上卻是網創商人大賺「勞動剩餘價值」落差的新型態剝削,這種經濟的蔓延會快速拉大這世代接下來的貧富差距。

國家雜誌Cover

從 Uber 即可看出,業主狡猾地規避對勞工與消費者的合法保障。甚至在美國大城市,Uber的收費也被業者不斷壓低,只有都市人均時薪百分等級25,以跟小黃車隊跳樓競爭(還不包括車子的折舊也車主自行吸收,因為Uber定義自己只是個「共享經濟」服務,而不是運輸業。)

AirBnB則在許多城市變成「黃牛經濟」。只需要「一張床」的大學生,在紐約租「四人房」,然後拉高價格分租其他三床,使自己的房租變成「免費」。代價是,想租「一間床」的租屋客,在紐約不少地段已經找不到地方住,而「只能」往 AirBnB一類的服務去,進而炒高整個地區的房價和租賃市場。

TaskRabbit 等服務,更養出一堆 Taskers,讓很多單位不再招聘正職人力,而是利用這些服務發包工作。這是 Karl Marx 當年所最不樂見的,勞動「剩餘價值」再度被掌握資產工具者瘋狂剝削的變形「資本主義」-
世界重回封建時代

The sharing economy looks like a classically neoliberal response to neoliberalism: individualized and market-driven, it sees us all as micro-entrepreneurs fending for ourselves in a hostile world. Its publicists seek to transform the instability of the post–Great Recession economy into opportunity. Waiting for your script to sell? Drive an Uber on the weekend. Can’t afford a place to live while attending grad school? Take a two-bedroom apartment and rent one room out. You may lack health insurance, sick days and a pension plan, but you’re in control.

新一波的宰制,讓極少數掌握科技生產工具的創業家及資本家股東,變得超級富有!而自願按下「同意使用者服務條款」的你我,則成為這些「科技封建地主」的佃農,

只是這回,我們每個人都要耕好多塊田才能補足收入了:早上接 task case幫代購、搞設計、接翻譯、或是順道用…

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